Cognitive Symptoms

icon Memory problems

Memory issues, and especially short-term memory problems (remembering recent events), are the most common cognitive changes with MS. This can involve trouble acquiring, retaining and retrieving new information.

Memory issues associated with MS:

  • Trouble learning new things
  • Less ability to remember information that has been learned and stored before
icon Concentration problems

Cognitive changes in Multiple Sclerosis can cause concentration problems, particularly when it comes to dividing your attention between more than one thing.

icon Information processing speed

Multiple Sclerosis can slow down your information processing speed. Processing means using your memory and verbal ability to digest and respond to information. You may feel like your brain is working more slowly.

icon Problem-solving

When we solve problems we use many functions, like analyzing a problem, identifying the parts of the problem, seeing which parts need adjusting, planning a series of steps to get to the solution and putting the pieces together to act on the information. MS can make this harder by affecting your thought process.

icon Visual-spatial ability

Visual-spatial ability is the ability to recognize objects accurately and draw or assemble things. We use these abilities in many ways in everyday life, like driving, putting something down on a table, or packing a suitcase. MS can affect your ability to do these things smoothly.

icon Speech/Verbal Fluency

Verbal skills help us find the right words without trying too hard. MS can cause speech issues. One of them is known as the “tip-of-the-tongue” phenomenon, where you feel like a word is close, but you can’t quite remember it. In addition to cognitive changes affecting your verbal fluency, MS can also affect the pace of your speaking or the movement of your tongue, lips, cheeks and mouth to form words.

Help your doctor to track all your symptoms

Track your symptoms by filling out Your MS questionnaire. Show the results to your doctor during your next visit so they can make a plan that’s appropriate for you.

Take Your MS Questionnaire

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